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European Projects

Biofficiency


Highly-efficient biomass CHP plants by handling ash-related problems

Within the project it will be investigated how to handle ash-related problems in order to increase steam temperatures up to 600°C in biomass-based CHP plants, including pulverised fuel and fluidised bed systems. The major aspects are fly ash formation, the use of additives, and pre-treatment technologies for difficult fuels. This leads to highly reduced emissions, in particular CO2 and fine particulates, as well as a secure and sustainable energy production. The project approach addresses current bottlenecks in solid biomass combustion, namely enhanced deposit formation, corrosion and ash utilisation by a variety of new, promising technologies. The goal is to deepen the understanding of fly ash formation, to improve current biomass pre-treatment technologies, as well as to contribute to the field of biomass ash utilisation.
Partners:
Technical University of Munich (Coordinator), Dong Energy Thermal Power As, Technical Universtity of Denmark, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Valmet Technologies Oy, ABO Akademi, NTUA – LSBTP, Energy Research Center of the Netherlands, Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Europe GmbH, Laborelec Lab., Metsä Fibre.
Project duration: November 2016 - October 2019
Financing: H2020-LCE-2016-RES-CCS-RIA
Overall Project Budget: 4.603.760 Euro (4.603.760 Euro EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 277.500 Euro (100% EC contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Associate Prof. S.Karellas

For additional information please visit: http://www.biofficiency.eu/

EXP-HEAT


Energy recovery in new and retrofitted heat pumps using a dedicated expander concept

The strategic technical objective of the project is to improve the performance, durability and robustness of heat pump units, by integrating a new reciprocating or hydraulic piston type expander and optimizing its design and combined operation at a wide operation range. This concept will finally lead to performance increase, while keeping the cost of the expander low, in order for the specific operational cost and pay-back-period of this combined unit to be significantly reduced. The overall objective of the project is to open new markets for the participating SMEs, and further develop new products and services, in order to magnify their business cycle.
Partners:
LSBTP - NTUA (Coordinator) Universita Degli Studi di Firenze, Kunglica Tekniska Hoegskolan, Thermogas, Officine Mario Dorin Spa, Eureftec AB, HANSA-TMp SRL
Project duration: December 2013 - March 2017
Financing: FP7 - SME's
Overall Project Budget: 1.773.520 Euro (1.369.104 Euro EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 356.800 Euro (100% EC contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Associate Prof. S.Karellas

For additional information please visit: http://www.expheat.eu


CO2 GLASS

The project "CO2 reduction in the ETS glass industry by means of waste heat utilization" aims at the competitiveness improvement of the European glass industry in the frame of the European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and at confrontation of the requirements arising from a Low Carbon Economy.
The project aims at energy recovery from waste heat from the glass production process at Drujba Glassworks SA in Bulgaria while the possibilities of extending this option to 4 additional facilities in Greece , Bulgaria and Romania will be explored. The project’s results will be disseminated to at least 400 glass production operators subject to the EU ETS Directive while the specific CO2 emission factor of the ETS installation in Bulgaria with mean annual emissions of 40 ktCO2 is expected to decrease by approx. 8%.

Partners:
LSBTP - NTUA (Coordinator), Drujba Glassworks S.A.,
Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH-CPERI)
Project duration: December 2013 - June 2017
Financing: CIP-EIP 2013
Overall Project Budget: 924.538,28 Euro (693.403,71 Euro EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 146.294,62 Euro (109.720,97 Euro EC contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Associate Prof. S.Karellas

Information concerning the SILC Action: Sustainable Industry Low Carbon scheme (SILC) I - Short-term innovation measures - Action 67/G/ENT/CIP/13/D/N03S02

Deliverables related to the project:
Waste heat recovery options in a small sized ETS glass industry Public Report
Waste heat recovery at the glass industry with the intervention of batch and cullet preheating Journal Publication - Thermal Science 2016, Dolianitis I. et al.

CO2freeSNG 2


Advanced Substitute Natural Gas from Coal with Internal Sequestration of CO2

The project acts as the continuation of the RFCS project CO2freeSNG which focused on the conversion of coal into Substitute Natural Gas (SNG) by means of methanation of coal derived syngas in the 50-500 MW range.The current project focuses on a pre-pilot scale demonstration of the complete process chain in order to improve the technological basis for a demonstration at a commercial scale.
Partners:
FAU (Coordinator), AIR LIQUIDE Fors, DWGV, GLOWNY, LSBTP-NTUA
Project duration: July 2013 - June 2016 (completed)
Financing: EC - RFCS
Overall Project Budget: 1.837.786 Euro (1.102.671 EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 404.795 Euro (242.877 Euro EC contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Associate Prof. S.Karellas
For additional information please visit: http://www.co2freesng20.eu


CAPSOL

Design technologies for multi-scale innovation and integration in post-combustion CO2 capture from molecules to unit operations and integrated plants
The project involves the development of innovative pre combustion CO2 capture technologies with solvents in power plants.
Partners:
CERTH-CPERI (Coordinator), UNIMAN, UPB, ICL, UPAN, ETH, MONTZ, PPC, CAO, PDC, SCC, LSBTP-NTUA
Project duration: November 2011 - October 2014 (completed)
Financing: FP7
Overall Project Budget: 3.255.110 Euro (2.337.282 Euro EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 250.000 Euro (190.780 Euro EC contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Prof. E.Kakaras
Project website: http://www.capsol-project.eu/



CO2TRACCS

With energy production sectors based mostly on fossil fuel combustion,many Black Sea region countries are interested in applying CCS for reducing their CO2 emissions, including the development of CO2 transportation infrastructure on their territory. Although the technology related to CO2 transportation is considered to be known from similar activities (e.g. natural gas networks), there were additional specific design considerations and a number of fundamentally important risks and hazards specific for CO2 transportation that needed to be investigated.

In this respect, the research project CO2Transportation Risk Assesment for Carbon Capture and Storage addressed:

  • the thermodynamic analysis and modelling of pure CO2 and its mixtures with other impurities, such as H2S, N2, water etc, over a wide range of temperatures and pressures and the design of CO2 transportation pipelines,
  • the risk analysis of important risks related to CO2 pipeline transportation, namely landslide, seismic, corrosion, design and construction error risk. Risk assessment guidelines were developed based on the obtained results.

Partners:
LSBTP - NTUA (Coordinator), ISPE, TUS, METU
Project duration: December 2011 - January 2014 (completed)
Financing: Black Sea-ERANET
Overall Project Budget: 289.414,26 Euro (234.673,40 EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 87800 Euro (100% EC contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Prof. E.Kakaras

For further information, visit: CO2TRACCS page


CACHET II

Capture and storage of CO2 is a large-scale option for significant long-term emissions reduction in Europe. Whilst some CO2 capture technology is available today, the main barriers to deployment are high capital cost and low energy efficiency. The CACHET II project overcame these barriers targeting CO2 free power production applied to both NGCC and Integrated Gasification and Combined Cycle (IGCC). Hydrogen (H2) permeable membrane reactors are an attractive technology for pre-combustion carbon dioxide capture in both coal and gas fired power stations because they combine the efficient conversion of syngas into hydrogen fuel with capture of the remaining carbon dioxide in one reactor. The carbon dioxide is produced at high pressure, reducing the compression energy for transport and storage. The CACHET II project brought together a European-Chinese consortium with the required skills to further advance the development of Pd and Pd alloy membranes and to develop new membrane materials and widen Pd-alloy application into solid fuel gasification with carbon dioxide (CO2) capture.

The objective of the CACHET II project had been to increase the energy efficiency of Carbon Dioxide Capture from gas and solid fuels power production by pre-combustion capture to:

  • Greater than 50% net electric efficiency for a Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC)
  • IGCC energy efficiency penalty less than 6-8%pts for CO2 capture

Partners:
BP (Coordinator), ECN, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, TECHNIP, SINTEF, Ins, LSBTP - NTUA

Project duration: January 2010 - December 2012 (completed)
Financing: FP7-ENERGY-2009-1
Overall Project Budget: 5.235.317 Euro(EC contribution 3.899.944 Euro )
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 415.000 Euro (EC contribution 336.250 Euro )
Scientific Responsible: Prof. E.Kakaras
For further information, visit the web site of the project here


CO2freeSNG


Substitute Natural Gas from Coal with Internal Sequestration of CO2

The main objective of this project is to investigate and evaluate the options and restrictions of applying methanation technologies, which are actually under development for biomass derived SNG, also for the upgrading of coal. Steam-blown gasification technologies are available in the scale range between 500 kWthermal and 10 MWthermal. The technologies have been developed for the conversion biomass in small and medium-scale plants. An application of these technologies for coal needs an upscale at least by a factor of 10 in order to achieve efficiencies comparable with state-of-the-art coal fired power plants. The application of steam-blown biomass gasification technologies for the gasification of coal and lignite needs therefore a detailed examination of technical barriers and the scalability of these technologies. Further challenges come in particular from the chemical composition of coal (ash and sulphur content).
Thus the consortium conducted: a) gasification tests with coal at an existing gasification pilot plant, b) lab-scale methanation experiments with coal derived syngas, c) process and gasifier layout for large-scale applications, d) feasibility study and basic layout for a 5 MW pilot plant

Partners:
TU Graz, Highterm, DVGW, LSBTP-NTUA
Project duration: July 2009 - June 2012 (completed)
Financing: Research Fund for Coal and Steel (RFCS)
Overall Project Budget: 1.661.353 Euro (996.812 Euro EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 200.028 Euro ( 120.017 Euro EC contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Prof. E.Kakaras

http://www.co2freesng.eu/


Poly-Stabilat


Polygeneration through Gasification utilizing Stabilat (Secondary Fuels derived from municipal solid waste)

The project comprises large-scale demonstration of the gasification of a solid fuel coming from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), called Stabilat. The produced gas can be further combusted in a boiler, producing combined heat and power. Furthermore, a high quality novel biofuel can be provided to the fuel market. The project's outcome is a poly-generation concept where power, heat and novel biofuels are produced.
Partners:
Herhof Recycling Centre Osnabruek GmbH (HRO), Free University Brussels (VUB), University of Stuttgart (USTUTT), LSBTP-NTUA
Project duration: October 2008 - October 2011 (completed)
Financing: FP7-ENERGY
Overall Project Budget: 7.563.452 Euro (4.269.804 Euro EC contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 594.220 Euro (441.360 EC Contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Prof. E.Kakaras


BISON

The project objective, titled “Changing the heating market mechanisms: Boiler Information System on Efficiency - Acronym: BISON” that was part-financed by the European Union through the Intelligent Energy - Europe Program (I.E.Ε.), was to create a widely available complementary information system, with tools capable of assisting in the right choice of suitable appliances for a given central heating installation.

Succinctly, the projects’ final deliverable was a calculating tool for the estimation of central heating boilers’ annual efficiency as well as a large data base of hundreds central heating boilers that are available around Europe. Given the implementation of EPBD, this particular tool but also the data base can be used by energy institutions, engineers, energy consultants, installers and end users as supplementary tool in order to find a suitable boiler for a given installation - consumer’s behaviour- geographical data.

The information that the potential user might receive are the following:

  1. List of central heating boilers of which satisfies the installation requirements and their classification will be in descending order, based on their efficiency.
  2. Calculation of annual consumption of the fuel (oil or gas), in kWh.
  3. Annual electricity consumption of the given installation, in kWh.
  4. Total estimated annual costs of installation operation, in Euros.
  5. Estimated annual savings in the case of replacement of the existing old technology of central heating boiler with other boiler of newly technology or fuel, in Euros per year.

Partners:
Danish Gas Technology Centre (Coordinator), REPSOL YPF, S.A., Centro de Apoio Technologico a industria metalomecanica CATIM, LSBTP-NTUA
Project duration: November 2007 - May 2010 (completed)
Financing: EC-ENERGY-IEE
Overall Project Budget: 607.920 Euro (303.960 Euro EC Contribution)
LSBTP-NTUA Budget: 99.660 Euro (49.830 EC Euro contribution)
Scientific Responsible: Prof. E.Kakaras

For more information please visit the web site: www.boilerinfo.eu/app/index